There are two tax credits – child tax credit and working tax credit. You can get one or both of them, depending on your household circumstances.
Working tax credit is paid to people who work and are on a low income – it does not matter whether you are an employee or self-employed, and you do not need to have children. Child tax credit is paid to people who have children. It is paid in addition to child benefit and you do not have to be working to get it.
Tax credits are administered by HM Revenue & Customs.
Now that universal credit is available across the UK, HMRC state that brand-new claims for tax credits are no longer possible except for ‘frontier workers’.
New Upper Tribunal decision (5 May 2022): UA-2021-001182-UC - Guidance to representatives, tribunals and the DWP on the approach to obtaining information from an abusive partner to support a claim from the person fleeing abuse when a non-molestation injunction is in place >> More universal credit case law
New regulations (22 March 2022): Child Benefit and Tax Credits (Amendment) Regulations 2022 (SI.No.346/2022) - Include provision for payments under the Homes for Ukraine scheme made to people who sponsor those who have left Ukraine as a result of the Russian invasion to be disregarded as income for tax credits purposes >> More tax credit legislation
New Court of Justice of the European Union decision (10 March 2022) - VI v Commissioners for Her Majesty’s Revenue & Customs C-247/20 (10 March 2022) - Judgment from the Court of Justice of the European Union that holds that requirement for non-EEA national mother of EEA national child to have comprehensive sickness insurance did not apply once child acquired permanent right to reside and that, in period before that, requirement was met by affiliation to NHS >> More tax credits case law
New regulations (8 March 2022): Tax Credits, Child Benefit and Guardian’s Allowance Uprating Regulations 2022 (SI.No.231/2022) - Set the rates of working tax credit, child tax credit, child benefit and guardian's allowance from April 2022 >> More tax credit legislation >> More child benefit and guardian's allowance legislation
New Court of Appeal decision (8 February 2022) DK, R (On the Application Of) v HM Revenue and Customs  EWCA Civ - Court of Appeal confirms that provision for refugees to make a backdated child tax credit claim from the date they sought asylum continues to apply where that date was before the introduction of full service universal credit >> More tax credits case law
New Upper Tribunal decision (4 February 2022): CTC/73/2021 - Reference in transition regulations to universal credit basic condition of being 'in Great Britain' under section 4(1)(c) of Welfare Reform Act 2012 is freestanding and not subject to qualifications in regulations authorised by Act >> More tax credits case law
New Court of Session decision (19 January 2022): Reclaiming motion by Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs against Mr Ali Adnan and Mrs Saima Adnan  CSIH 2 (18 January 2022) - Court of Session confirms that provisions that enable refugees to make backdated child tax credit claims from the date they sought asylum continue to apply where that date was before the introduction of full service universal credit >> More tax credit case law
New Upper Tribunal decision (6 January 2022): CTC/1514/2020 - Circumstances in which a person for whom tax credits have not been abolished may make a fresh claim following termination of an award More tax credit case law